VIETNAM NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HISTORY

Home to rich and diverse collections of historical relics and thematic exhibitions on Vietnamese culture and history, the Vietnam National Museum of History gives visitors a comprehensive view of the development of the country from the prehistoric period through the national formation period.

 

History

silkpath-hanoi-travel-guide-vietnam-national-museum-of-historyThe Vietnam National Museum of History was built in 1926 under the name Louis Finot Museum by the Ecole Française d’Extreme-Orient and finished in 1932. After being taken over by Vietnamese Government, the museum changed its official name to the National Museum of Vietnamese History and opened to the public on 3 September, 1958. The National Museum of the Vietnamese Revolution was originally the Department of Indochinese Commerce that built in 1917 under the French time. The Museum was officially opened for visitors on 6 January, 1959. After more than half a century of operation, the entire resources of the former National Museum of Vietnamese History and the National Museum of the Vietnamese Revolution have been merged into a unique museum – The Vietnam National Museum of History as of today.

silkpath-hanoi-travel-guide-vietnam-National_Museum_of_History (4)This is is a place to preserve, display, and introduce Vietnamese history from prehistoric to present through a system of extremely rich and valuable documents and artifacts, including many National Treasures. Housed in a colonial French building which is a cupola-shaped edifice, the museum was designed as a combination of French and Chinese architecture. The building designed by Hebrard, an eminent French architect, and urban planner, incorporates double walls and balconies for a natural airing system and protection from sunshine.

 

Features & Exhibits

silkpath-hanoi-travel-guide-vietnam-national-museum-of-history-2The National Museum of Vietnamese History is spread across two sites and houses various artifacts from Vietnam’s history. Site One is home to the prehistory of Vietnam, right up onto the reign of the Nguyen dynasty. This exhibit is over 2,000 square feet and is divided into 4 major sections:

  • Section 1 covers the Stone Age (30,000 – 40,000 years) 
  • Section 2 displays the time during the Tran Dynasty 
  • Section 3 is about the Ho Dynasty to the August 1945 Revolution
  • Section 4 has Champa stone sculptures 

The main permanent exhibition is comprised of 18 pieces from the 7th to the 20th centuries – they were selected by the Prime Minister of Vietnam as  “national treasures”. The collection includes bronze drums and Ho Chi Minh’s prison diary. The museum itself houses around 200,000 items, spanning the Neolithic age, Bronze age, Sa Hunh, Oc Eo, and Hung periods, the Nguyen dynasty, the Cham period, and northern Vietnam’s Dong Son, a culture that existed about 1000 BC-100 AD.  It was earlier used as an archaeological research institution of the French School of Asian Studies.

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Collection of artifacts from ancient Vietnam. Photo by @thu.chans

As one of the best National Museums in Vietnam, their exhibition system is always updated with new information and materials. At Vietnam National Museum of History, visitors will experience outstanding representations about the history and culture of Vietnam that was formed during the process of constructing and defending the country.

 

Location, Opening hours & Tickets

silkpath-hanoi-travel-guide-vietnam-National_Museum_of_History

Address:

  • The first building is at 1 Trang Tien Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi (Vietnamese History from Prehistoric period to Nguyen dynasty, 1945).
  • The second building is at 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi (Vietnamese History from the mid-19th century to present).

Ticket: 

  • Adults: 40,000 VND/ person
  • Student from college and university: 20,000 VND/ student
  • Pupil from School: 10,000 VND/ student

Free Admission for: Children under 6 years old and Disabilities, according to the current regulation

Reduced Admission: 50% discount for the beneficiaries of preferential policies, the elderly, disabilities, according to the current regulation

Media fee:

  • Photograph fee: 30,000 VND/ camera
  • Video fee: 400,000 VND/ camera

Opening hours:

Monday (Closed), Tuesday – Sunday (8.00 am to 12.00 pm, 1.30 pm – 5.00 pm)

Get directions:

 

Other museums that you want to visit

VIETNAMESE WOMEN’S MUSEUM

Address: 36 Ly Thuong Kiet Street, Hang Bai Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Ticket: 40,000 VND/ adult & 10,000 VND/ children (6-16 years old)

Opening hours: From 8.00 am to 5.00 pm everyday

 

VIETNAM MILITARY HISTORY MUSEUM

Address: 28A Dien Bien Phu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

Ticket: 30,000 VND/ person with an optional extra camera fee of 20,000 VND

Opening hours: 8.00 am – 11.30 am & 1.00 pm – 4.30 pm daily (except Monday and Friday)

 

VIETNAM MUSEUM OF ETHNOLOGY

Address: Nguyen Van Huyen Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi

Ticket: 

  • Adult: 40,000 VND/ person
  • Vietnamese students: 15,000VND/ student (valid student card required)
  • Pupils (age 6 – age 18): 10,000VND/ pupil
  • Beneficiaries of preferential policies on cultural enjoyment (elder people, severe disabilities etc.): 50% of ticket price
  • Minority ethnic people: 50% of ticket price (valid identity card required)
  • Free admission for: Children under 6 years old, special severe disabilities, ICOM members (valid membership card required), friends of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology (valid card required), journalists (valid journalist card required), donors

Opening hours: 8.30 am – 5.30 pm everyday (except Mondays and New Year’s Holiday)

 

Photo sources: Unsplash, Google, Flickr

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