Mentioning Hanoi often evokes images of its ancient town and millennia-old historical monuments. Yet, beyond its historic charm, Hanoi pulsates with the dynamic energy of a city evolving daily. The blend of cultural richness with vibrant, youthful features forms a tapestry of a lively capital, captivating visitors from afar.

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With a history of over 100 years, Long Bien Bridge is not only a traffic construction but also a meaningful living historical evidence of the courageous of Hanoi during the two greatest wars against the French colonialists and American imperialism. 


The Long Bien Bridge was constructed from 1989 to 1902 during French colonisation. Though the bridge was designed by French, it was built directly by more than 3,000 Vietnamese workers with indigenous construction materials like woods from Phu Tho, Yen Bai, Thanh Hoa province, cement from Hai Phong, Long Tho lime from Hue. Long Bien Bridge was the most significant work in Indochina at that time. On February 28, 1902, Long Bien Bridge was officially called Paul-Doumer Bridge, named after Paul Doumer – The Governor-General of French Indochina and then French president. After Hanoi was liberated on 10 Oct 1954, the bridge was renamed as Long Bien Bridge.

In 1903, Long Bien Bridge was the second longest bridge in the world, only after Brooklyn Bridge in London, England. The bridge is 2,290m across the river and has 19 steel beams spanning over 20 pillars with unique architecture. It consists of a single rail running in the middle and two lanes for bicycles and pedestrians. During the war of destroying the North by the US air force (1965 – 1972), Long Bien bridge was bombed 14 times and was later repaired in 1973. Hence, the bridge has been a living historical relic and now a famous historical landmark in Hanoi for locals and visitors. 


Things to do at Long Bien Bridge

There is a wide range of activities for you to try at this historical landmark of Hanoi:

  • Enjoy a panoramic view of the bridge
  • Walk along the bridge to enjoy the light wind
  • Admire the amazing sunrise and sunset, enjoy the view of the city
  • Capture the beauty of the old railway

Address: about 2km from Hoan Kiem Lake

Get directions: https://goo.gl/maps/MsV63WiwkoWvMUmf8 

Photo sources: Shutterstock, Google, Unsplash



Hanoi is famous for many unique architectural works in which the One Pillar Pagoda (Chua Mot Cot) an age-old sacred venue carrying cultural and historical imprints of the nation resides. Visitors of Silk Path coming to the capital are amazed by this impressive ancient masterpiece.


Situated in the Ho Chi Minh Museum relics, One Pillar Pagoda attracts numerous tourists annually. 

Affiliation: Buddhism

Entrance fee: Free

Opening hours: Daily | 8.00 AM – 5.00 PM

Address: Chua Mot Cot Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.

  • From Silk Path Hotel Hanoi: 2km
  • From Silk Path Boutique Hanoi: 4km


This pagoda is distinctive and unique in terms of architecture. The all-laid-on-a-pillar unique feature of One Pillar Pagoda’s architecture is a harmonious combination of spectacular ideas and architectural perfection. The structure includes 3 parts: a single round pillar, Lien Hoa Dai, and a curved pagoda roof. 

The round pillar is constructed from 2 stones that connect firmly. This stone pillar is approximately 4m high (excluding the sinking part under the foot) and 1.2m in diameter. The round pillar represents the sky and Yang while the square pond represents the law and Yin, which demonstrates the direction of circulation of the universe.

Lien Hoa Dai is a square wooden structure with each side of 3m width. There is a statue of Guan Yin Buddha worshiped inside the pagoda. The statue was designed following the dream of King Ly Thai Tong – Guan Yin Buddha sitting on a lotus.

The roof is considered the most important part of the work, especially in religious buildings. One Pillar Pagoda’s roof is curved on all 4 sides with a 3m width.

It is decorated with traditional patterns of two dragons facing the moon. This pattern, to Vietnamese people, symbolizes the holy power bringing the wish for wisdom and vitality to human beings. From a distance, One Pillar Pagoda looks like a lotus flower emerging from the water’s surface. The delicate beauty of the lotus is a symbol of intelligence, elevated personality, and simple virtue of Vietnamese people.


According to legend, Emperor Ly Thai To, who had no children, used to go to pagodas to pray to Buddha for a son. One night, he dreamt that he was granted a private audience to the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, who was seated on a great lotus flower in a square-shaped lotus pond on the western side of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long and gave the King a baby boy. Months later, when the Queen gave birth to a male child, the Emperor ordered the construction of a pagoda supported by only one pillar to resemble the lotus seat of his dream in the honor of the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.

According to a theory, the pagoda was built in a style of a lotus emerging out of the water.

Vietnam National Museum of History

Vietnam National Museum of History

Home to rich and diverse collections of historical relics and thematic exhibitions on Vietnamese culture and history, National Museum of History gives visitors a comprehensive view of the development of the country from the prehistoric period through the national formation period.


The Vietnam National Museum of History was built in 1926 under the name Louis Finot Museum by the Ecole Française d’Extreme-Orient and finished in 1932. After being taken over by Vietnamese Government, the museum changed its official name to the National Museum of Vietnamese History and opened to the public on 3 September, 1958. The National Museum of the Vietnamese Revolution was originally the Department of Indochinese Commerce that built in 1917 under the French time. The Museum was officially opened for visitors on 6 January, 1959. After more than half a century of operation, the entire resources of the former National Museum of Vietnamese History and the National Museum of the Vietnamese Revolution have been merged into a unique museum – The Vietnam National Museum of History as of today.

This is is a place to preserve, display, and introduce Vietnamese history from prehistoric to present through a system of extremely rich and valuable documents and artifacts, including many National Treasures. Housed in a colonial French building which is a cupola-shaped edifice, the museum was designed as a combination of French and Chinese architecture. The building designed by Hebrard, an eminent French architect, and urban planner, incorporates double walls and balconies for a natural airing system and protection from sunshine.

Features & Exhibits

The National Museum of Vietnamese History is spread across two sites and houses various artifacts from Vietnam’s history. Site One is home to the prehistory of Vietnam, right up onto the reign of the Nguyen dynasty. This exhibit is over 2,000 square feet and is divided into 4 major sections:

  • Section 1 covers the Stone Age (30,000 – 40,000 years) 
  • Section 2 displays the time during the Tran Dynasty 
  • Section 3 is about the Ho Dynasty to the August 1945 Revolution
  • Section 4 has Champa stone sculptures 

The main permanent exhibition is comprised of 18 pieces from the 7th to the 20th centuries – they were selected by the Prime Minister of Vietnam as  “national treasures”. The collection includes bronze drums and Ho Chi Minh’s prison diary. The museum itself houses around 200,000 items, spanning the Neolithic age, Bronze age, Sa Hunh, Oc Eo, and Hung periods, the Nguyen dynasty, the Cham period, and northern Vietnam’s Dong Son, a culture that existed about 1000 BC-100 AD.  It was earlier used as an archaeological research institution of the French School of Asian Studies.

As one of the best National Museums in Vietnam, their exhibition system is always updated with new information and materials. At Vietnam National Museum of History, visitors will experience outstanding representations about the history and culture of Vietnam that was formed during the process of constructing and defending the country.

Location, Opening hours & Tickets

Address: The first building is at 1 Trang Tien Street, Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi (Vietnamese History from Prehistoric period to Nguyen dynasty, 1945) and the second building is at 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi (Vietnamese History from the mid-19th century to present)


  • Adults: 40,000 VND/ person
  • Student from college and university: 20,000 VND/ student
  • Pupil from School: 10,000 VND/ student

Free Admission for: Children under 6 years old and Disabilities, according to the current regulation

Reduced Admission: 50% discount for the beneficiaries of preferential policies, the elderly, disabilities, according to the current regulation

Media fee:

  • Photograph fee: 30,000 VND/ camera
  • Video fee: 400,000 VND/ camera

Opening hours: Monday (Closed), Tuesday – Sunday (8.00 am to 12.00 pm, 1.30 pm – 5.00 pm)

Get directions: https://goo.gl/maps/JPxQ6XDHnrdqxWpZA 

Photo sources: Unsplash, Google, Flickr

Other museums that you want to visit

  • Vietnamese Women’s Museum

Address: 36 Ly Thuong Kiet Street, Hang Bai Ward, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi

Ticket: 40,000 VND/ adult and 10,000 VND/ children (6-16 years old)

Opening hours: From 8.00 am to 5.00 pm everyday

Get directions: https://goo.gl/maps/yxJ8cRmnq9EKDmF89 

  • Vietnam Military History Museum

Address: 28A Dien Bien Phu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

Ticket: 30,000 VND/ person with an optional extra camera fee of 20,000 VND 

Opening hours: 8.00 am – 11.30 am and 1.00 pm – 4.30 pm daily except Monday and Friday

Get directions: https://goo.gl/maps/ApPcCm8C2ujGVttD8 

  • Vietnam Museum Of Ethnology

Address: Nguyen Van Huyen Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi


  • Adult: 40,000 VND/ person
  • Vietnamese students: 15,000VND/ student (valid student card required)
  • Pupils (age 6 – age 18): 10,000VND/ pupil
  • Beneficiaries of preferential policies on cultural enjoyment (elder people, severe disabilities etc.): 50% of ticket price
  • Minority ethnic people: 50% of ticket price (valid identity card required)

Free admission for: Children under 6 years old, special severe disabilities, ICOM members (valid membership card required), friends of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology (valid card required), journalists (valid journalist card required), donors

Opening hours: 8.30 am – 5.30 pm everyday (except Mondays and New Year’s Holiday)

Get directions: https://goo.gl/maps/WU1EmXXQhonVsbSS8 



Ta Hien Street – The Hanoi Beer Street, “Pho Tay” (Foreigners’ Street) or “international crossroad”, is one of the most famous local hubs for visitors coming to the Capital City.

 Local magnificence

Stretching 200 meters between Luong Ngoc Quyen and Hang Buom Streets, Ta Hien is one of the most crowded streets in Hanoi Old Quarter, embracing both significant ancient and modern features of the Capital City. 

@nanie.ng @callmelanh.2220

Also known as the beer street, this venue attracts numerous visitors daily as a recreation and entertainment hub with local “bia hoi” shops, minibars, lounges, and restaurants.


Ta Hien Street nightlife

hanoi ta hien beer street

Hanoi’s nightlife around Ta Hien Street has a multitude of exciting things to see. There are some lively bars and glitzy nightclubs conveniently set around Hoan Kiem Lake or in the Old Quarter, where you can enjoy great tunes and all sorts of booze as well as mix and mingle with fun-loving locals and expats.

However, a night out in Hanoi can not be fulfilled without sitting on plastic stools and enjoying “Bia Hơi” (Vietnamese draft beer) along the bustling streets. A must-visit for any first-time visitor to Hanoi, Bia Hơi Junction is widely regarded as the quintessential nightlife spot in Hanoi.


“Bia hoi” culture

Located at the corner of Ta Hien and Luong Ngoc Quyen Streets in the Old Quarter, this ever-bustling beer haven opens throughout the day and late into the night, where you can see hundreds of people sitting on plastic stools with pint of “bia hoi” in hand. Being available at numerous makeshift bars within that junction, “bia hoi” is a Vietnamese draft beer containing about 4% alcohol. Although it is not strong as European beer standards, “bia hoi” is incredibly cheap, and you can enjoy a tall glass between VND 10,000 and VND 15,000.

“Bia hoi” junction attracts a steady following of locals, expats, and tourists who are looking to down some ice-cold beers all night long. Alternatively, several bars sell soft drinks and imported beers for about VND 30,000. In addition to numerous “bia hoi” joints with colorful plastic chairs spilling onto the streets, you can also find makeshift stalls selling various snacks such as steamed peanuts, fried tofu, skewered meats, and delicious beef jerky.

Silk Path guidance

  • Opening hours: Daily | 11.00 AM – Til late
  • Price:  VND 10,000 – VND 15,000/ beer cup 
  • Price range: VND 100,000 – 150,000/ person
  • From Silk Path Boutique Hotel & Silk Path Hotel Hanoi: 1.5km 



Situated in the heart of Hanoi, the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long captures visitors’ attention with outstanding cultural and archaeological values, reflected in its historical longevity. 


  • Address: 19c Hoang Dieu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi
  • Map:

From Silk Path Hotel Hanoi: 1.5km 

From Silk Path Boutique Hanoi: 3.5km

Historical relics

Hanoi Flag Tower (Ky Dai)

Built in 1805 under the reign of Emperor Gia Long, Flag Tower is one of the few constructions of the Hanoi Citadel, which has survived almost intact, through the French domination administration between 1894 and 1897. Rising 33.4 meters from the ground, Hanoi Flag Tower consists of a three-tier basement, three storeys, and a tower. It now lies within the Vietnam Military History Museum compound and is a timeless symbol of Hanoi.

On October 10th, 1954, the red flag with a yellow star, the National Flag, flew on the top of the Hanoi Flag Tower for the first time, recognized as a historical monument in 1989. That day, the people jubilantly welcomed the Festival of Victory, the day Hanoi was completely liberated. The people marched towards Hanoi Flag Tower, waiting for a historic moment: the hoisting ceremony of the National Flag on the top of the Hanoi Flag Tower. 

A special thing is that during the hottest days in Hanoi, the atmosphere inside the Tower is always cool and relaxed. The structure of the doors is so scientific that the rainwater can not flow into the Tower however heavy the rain is.

Main Gate (Doan Mon)

Doan Mon is one of the main entrances to the Forbidden City. Based on construction materials and the remaining architectural style of the relics, it can be affirmed that the current Doan Mon was built under Le Dynasty and restored in Nguyen Dynasty.

The monument is situated in the south of Kinh Thien Palace on the same axis as Hanoi Flag Tower. Doan Mon was built horizontally in U-shape. Doan Mon was built in the style of an ancient city wall with five gates symmetrically erected through a “deity axis”, also known as the “righteousness axis” of the Imperial Citadel.

The main architectural part followed the watch tower gazebo style with three rolling arches. Rolling arch architecture at the gates not only brought graceful curves but also embraces excellent load-bearing structures – a spectacular architecture still used in modern time tunnel projects.

Northern Gate (Bac Mon)

Chinh Bac Mon (Main Northern Gate ) or Cua Bac (Northern Gate of Thang Long Imperial Citadel) is situated on Phan Dinh Phung Street which was built in 1805 on the foundation of Northern Gate under the Le Dynasty with the architecture of a watch tower gazebo, on a wall of 8.71 m height, 17.08m width, and with 2.48m walls and is the only remaining gate to Hanoi Citadel under Nguyen Dynasty. 

The watch tower was built with wooden frames of eight roof styles and four doors in four directions. Rainwater on the watch tower gazebo was drained with two stone gutters. Standing on the gate, imperial troops could observe the outside and inside of the citadel as well as the movement of the enemy. Therefore, after occupying Hanoi Citadel, the French army still had to use the watch tower gazebo as the sentry box. 

Currently, the watch tower gazebo is being restored partly for worshiping two province chiefs of Hanoi Citadel, Nguyen Tri Phuong and Hoang Dieu who sacrificed for not being able to defend the citadel under the assault of the French army.

Kinh Thien Palace

Kinh Thien Palace is the central monument and the core of the overall historic sites within the Hanoi Ancient Citadel. It used to be a palace of great significance where the court held the most solemn rituals, welcomed foreign emissaries, and gave an audience to discuss affairs of state.

In 1428, after defeating Ming Dynasty invaders, King Le Thai To continued to set up the capital in Thang Long and ordered the renewal of the damaged royal citadel. Kinh Thien Palace was built during this period of time. In 1886, it was destroyed. Nowadays, only ruins of steps and the palace foundations remain (within the Hanoi Ancient Citadel). 

The traces of Kinh Thien Palace are now only the old foundation. Its stone dragons, representing the sculpture under the early Le Dynasty, are considered masterpieces.  

Since November 2004, officially open to visitors, the ancient citadel – Kinh Thien Palace has become one of the sights extremely attractive to tourists.

D67 Revolutionary House

D67 House (Meeting room of the Politburo and Central Military Commission), along with Basement D67 (Central Military Commission basement), was built in 1967 by the Defense Ministry in zone A to secure a headquarters against the raids of the U.S. Air Force in Hanoi. 

Historical and revolutionary relics – House D67 had associated with the operation of the Politburo, the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of Viet Nam (before 1976, it was the Vietnam Workers’ Party), Minister of Defense and Chief of the General Staff of People’s Army of Vietnam since September 1968. In the relics of House D67, there is a Meeting room of the Politburo and Central Military Commission, the working room of General Vo Nguyen Giap and General Van Tien Dung.

House D67 is a simple military structure but has notably high usage value. In seven years, the house provided a safe place for the commanders in chief to work, plan policies and direct the successful implementation of the final phase of the resistance war against the US. House D67 is one of the most precious military relics since the 20th century.

Archaeological Site

Thang Long – the capital of Dai Viet (Great Viet) was very prosperous from the 11th – 15th centuries, under the reign of Ly – Tran – Early Le. But due to many causes and historical events, ancient Thang Long has only remained with memories of a magnificent and elegant capital city that make us irresistible to track and restore.

Archaeological excavation at 18 Hoang Dieu Street, which started in December 2002, was the largest archaeological one in Vietnam to date, aiming at preparing to build a new Parliament House. This archaeological site is situated at 18 Hoang Dieu Street, Ba Dinh District, and is analyzed and divided into 4 zones, named A, B, C, and D by Archaeological Institute. In this area, archeologists have found a lot of different types of architectural monuments and relics with mixed dates, overlaying on top of each other over the past 1300 years.

  • Zone A is located adjacent to Hoang Dieu Street. This area has been discovered with many important architectural traces, typically the trace of “multi-room architecture” dating from the Ly – Tran Dynasties.
  • Zone B is located adjacent and parallel to Zone A with many large architectural foundation traces of Ly – Tran. In the north of this area, at hole B16, archeologists have found a ground of an architectural monad under Tran Dynasty with a large column base lotus-shaped stone pedestal (column diameter of about 52 cm) that is still in its original position.
  • Zone C is next to Zone B, adjacent to the campus of Ba Dinh Hall. This area has five new excavation pits. Although the excavation has been limited to a small area, in reconnaissance hole C3, archeologists have found architectural traces of the Ly Dynasty with systems of large square column footing reinforced with gravels, bricks and pile systems, and wooden pillars.
  • Zone D is located in the position of the current Ba Dinh Sports Centre, next to Doc Lap Street and next to the Ba Dinh Hall campus. This area has been excavated with 7 pits (D1 – D7). In this architecture, archeologists have found some relics like pieces of Ly’s dragon-decorated golden leaves and pieces of tiles showing that Kim Quang Palace and Hoang Mon Building were built here in the past.


A Night at the Ancient Citadel (Evening tour)

  • Departure: 7.00 PM (Fridays & Saturdays)
  • Time: 1.5 hours
  • Sightseeing route: Pick up guests at the gate of the Imperial Citadel 19c Hoang Dieu – Take pictures to check in at Doan Mon – See art performances on the Doan Mon archaeological glass floor – Visit the artifact gallery – Offer incense in memory of the steps Emperor at Kinh Thien Palace – Visit the archaeological remains at 18 Hoang Dieu – Experience the royal well water – Decipher artifacts by laser light – Relax, enjoy lotus tea, royal lotus jam under the tree bodhi.

Source/ Info: Hoàng Thành Thăng Long, Vietnamnet

Temple of Literature – Vietnam’s first university

Temple of Literature – Vietnam’s first university

Meta description Want to explore the traditional architecture and culture of Vietnam? Then, put Temple of Literature on your must-visit list when travelling to Hanoi.
Description Not only a cultural heritage with almost 1,000 years of history, Temple of Literature, the first university of Vietnam, is also one of the most picturesque tourist attractions in Hanoi with its traditional architecture imprints & lush green landscape. 

Location, Opening hours & Tickets

    • Address: 58 Quoc Tu Giam, Van Mieu, Dong Da district
  • Opening hours: 8.00 – 17.00 daily
  • Ticket prices:
      • Adults: VND 30.000/ ticket
      • Students, disabled people, Vietnamese older citizens (above 60 years old): VND 15.000/ ticket
      • Children under 15 years old, veterans, heavily disabled people : Free
  • Get direction


Built-in 1070 under the reign of  King Ly Thanh Tong, the Temple of Literature in Hanoi is a place to worship Confucius – a predominant philosophy in Vietnam in feudal times & to honor the passion for learning.

Six years later in 1076, Quoc Tu Giam – Imperial Academy (located beside the Temple of Literature) was established by King Ly Nhan Tong. It was the first university in Vietnam. During this time, it was only dedicated to the king’s children & nobles, and aristocratic families. 

Then, King Tran Thai Tong renamed Quoc Tu Giam into National Academy and accepted commoners’ children with excellent academic abilities into the school.

In the post-Le period, stone steles were built for those who passed the doctoral exam under the reign of King Le Thanh Tong. 

In 1802, the Nguyễn dynasty’s monarchs established a new imperial academy in Hue, the new capital of the country. The academy at the Hanoi temple lost its prominence and became a school of the Hoài Đức District.


Not only ranked as one of Hanoi’s most important cultural places, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam is also a superb example of traditional-style Vietnamese architecture.

The temple is divided into five courtyards, each with its own significance and history. The first courtyard stretches from the main gate to Dai Trung gate. The second stands out with Khue Van Cac pavilion. If you notice well, you will find the pavilion symbol on all street signs of Hanoi. 

The third courtyard – Thien Quang Well is where doctor names were listed on a tombstone above tortoise backs. There are a total of 82 tombstones, with names and origins of 1307 doctors, corresponding to 82 examination courses from 1442 to 1779. On March 9, 2010, the United Nations Organization for Education, Scientific and Culture (UNESCO) officially recognized 82 turtle steles in a list of world’s documentary heritage. 

If you visit the temple at the beginning of the year or in May when many vital examinations take place, you will catch sight of numerous students who come and rub the tortoise’s head. Such an act is believed to bring them luck to pass the test.

The fourth courtyard – Dai Thanh Gate is dedicated for Confucius and his 72 honored students, as well as Chu Van An- a well-known teacher in Vietnam. This is also where local authorities choose to cherish brilliant students in Hanoi, like those with top entrance results to university or top graduation outcomes. 

The last and also furthest courtyard is Thai Hoc house, which used to be Quoc Tu Giam- the first university in Vietnam. Thai Hoc households a small collection of old-time costumes for students and mandarins, as well as explaining the process of taking and passing the national examination.

Dos & Don’ts when visiting the Temple of Literature

  • Prepare cash to buy tickets as they don’t accept credit cards
  • Dress properly & politely when visiting the sanctuary
  • You shouldn’t take photos directly to the gods
  • Don’t talk loudly when in the sanctuary



Calm and serene, accompanied by a cool breeze, the sky is overcast and rainy in both the early morning and late evening. These are the unmistakable signs that Hanoi’s autumn, the most enchanting season of the thousand-year-old capital, has made its return.
Whether this is your first time in Hanoi or not, there must be a fluttering feeling about the nostalgic autumn of Hanoi. So let’s wake up early with Silk Path, admire the romantic autumn sky, take a walk on the peaceful streets to appreciate the life, people and ‘specialties’ of Hanoi’s autumn.

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In recent years, enjoying afternoon tea has gradually become familiar to young people in Vietnam. What makes afternoon tea so attractive and popular? Let’s find out with Silk Path!

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With more than 1000 years of history, Hanoi is the political, cultural, and economic center of Vietnam. Behind every corner of the city is a story about Hanoi – the heart of the country, a part of the glorious history of the Vietnamese nation. Visitors can feel a unique spirit and quaint town atmosphere that cannot be found anywhere else.


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